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Effects of Mycosphaerella leaf disease on the spectral reflectance properties of juvenile Eucalyptus globulus foliage

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Mycosphaerella leaf disease (MLD) can cause significant discoloration, necrosis and defoliation in commercial plantations of young Eucalyptus globulus. This study investigated the spectral reflectance changes that result in E. globulus foliage from Mycosphaerella infection. Spectral reflectance measurements were made on healthy and infected E. globulus foliage in the visible and near-infrared wavelengths (400–1000 nm). Reflectance (R) at 760 nm produced the largest difference between the extremes of disease severity classes. The wavelength most sensitive to infection severity was R678 nm. Other sensitive wavelengths were located between 480 and 500 nm. The wavelengths near 708 and 550 nm appeared relatively insensitive to infection severity. The reflectance index best correlated to leaf infection was R678/R550 (r = 0.841, p < 0.0001). This index was used in a linear regression model for successfully predicting leaf infection levels from an independent data set (r = 0.95, p < 0.0001).
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Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Forest Resources Research, New South Wales Department of Primary Industries Science and Research, Beecroft, NSW, Australia

Publication date: 2006-10-01

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