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Pathogenicity of Phytophthora species and Pythium undulatum isolated from Abies procera Christmas trees in Ireland

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Phytophthora cryptogea, Phytophthora cinnamomi, Phytophthora cambivora, Phytophthora megasperma and Pythium undulatum were isolated from diseased Noble fir (Abies procera) seedlings and soil associated with dead Noble fir in Ireland. Seedlings of four Christmas tree species (A. procera, Picea sitchensis, Picea abies and Pinus contorta) were inoculated with these oomycetes to test their pathogenicity and the susceptibility of the various tree species. Phytophthora spp. and Pythium undulatum caused root rot on all tree species. Disease symptoms included reddish brown cambial discoloration, crown symptoms, brown foliage, dark brown roots, root rot and seedling mortality. These symptoms were similar to those observed on Noble fir in naturally infested plantations. Pythium undulatum appeared as the most virulent pathogen followed by P. cinnamomi, P. cambivora, P. megasperma and P. cryptogea. Noble fir showed to be most susceptible and lodgepole pine most tolerant while Sitka spruce and Norway spruce were intermediate.

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1439-0329.2005.00430.x

Affiliations: 1: Esfahan Research Center for Agriculture and Natural Resources, PO Box 81785-199, Esfahan, Iran., Email: shaban_shafizadeh@yahoo.com 2: Department of Environmental Resource Management, Faculty of Agriculture, University College Dublin, Dublin, Ireland

Publication date: December 1, 2005

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