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Rhizoctonia solani AG 2-1 as a causative agent of cotyledon rot on European beech (Fagus sylvatica)

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Rhizoctonia solani was frequently isolated in the Italian Alps from nursery-grown European beech (Fagus sylvatica) seedlings displaying symptoms of cotyledon rot. Koch's postulates were verified and mode of infection of the associated isolates was investigated with light and scanning electron microscopy. Population structure of the pathogen was investigated by scoring the anastomosis reaction type in pairings between different isolates from the same seedbed. One pathogen genotype showed a large distribution area within the seedbed, this implying that the inoculum had been building up in the seedbed over a longer time period. Hyphal anastomosis tests and sequence analysis of the internal transcribed spacer (ITS) region of ribosomal DNA indicated that the pathogen belongs to AG 2-1 of R. solani. ITS sequence analysis indicates that the isolates from beech are closely related to R. solani isolates causing a disease on tulip. The striking similarities between the two diseases are discussed.

Document Type: Research Article


Affiliations: 1: Skogforsk, Høgskoleveien 12, Norway 2: Department of Food Technology, The Faculty of Food Science and Medical Technology, Sør-Trøndelag University College, Tungaveien, Trondheim, Norway 3: Istituto Agrario di S. Michele all'Adige, Dipartimento Risorse Naturali e Ambiente, Via Mach, 2 – I-38010 S. Michele a/Adige (TN), Italy. (for correspondence), Email:

Publication date: 2005-12-01

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