In vitro interactions in artificial and wood-based media between fungi colonizing stumps of Sitka spruce
Interspecific interactions between fungi that colonize stumps of Picea sitchensis in Scotland were tested in dual cultures on Norkrans agar, spruce sawdust and in autoclaved blocks cut from roots. Isolates were ranked according to competitive ability on the different media, based on their ability to overgrow competitors or to form deadlock interactions. On the defined medium, Phaeolus schweinitzii was the species most able to overgrow competitors, followed by Stereum sanguinolentum and Heterobasidion annosum; Resinicium bicolor was the least able to overgrow competitors on this medium. By contrast, R. bicolor was the most competitive on spruce sawdust medium. Deadlocking interactions were formed most often in dual cultures on Norkrans agar. Observation of hyphal interactions on Norkrans agar under the microscope identified several different response types including growth of thin hyphae compared to control cultures, hyphal coiling, vacuolation of hyphae, hyphal lysis of one competitor and deposition of crystals in the agar. Hymenomycetes caused varying amounts of decay in autoclaved root blocks. Resinicium bicolor was able to replace other species in most co-inoculations. Stereum sanguinolentum appeared to be the least competitive species in root block inoculations, being replaced by Melanotus proteus and R. bicolor, although interactions with H. annosum varied widely. These results indicate that substrate has a marked effect on interspecific fungal interactions, with wood-based, particularly intact woody tissues closely matching competitive behaviour displayed in the field.
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: 1: School of Biological Sciences, University of Aberdeen, Hilton Campus, Aberdeen, UK., Email: [email protected] 2: Forest Research, Northern Research Station, Roslin, Midlothian, UK
Publication date: 2005-06-01