Necrophylactic periderm formation in the roots of western larch and Douglas-fir trees infected with Armillaria ostoyae. II. The response to the pathogen
Periderm formation was studied in bark samples collected from the roots of western larch (Larix occidentalis) and Douglas-fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii) trees infected with Armillaria ostoyae. Necrophylactic periderms were formed in advance of infection and successfully restricted continued fungal spread in 68 and 45% of the samples collected from 10- and 27-year-old western larch, respectively. However, all periderms formed in 11- and 25-year-old Douglas-fir had been breached by the advancing fungus. In both species, necrophylactic periderms were commonly breached at the junction of the periderm with the vascular cambium. In western larch, stone phellem often comprised the external phellem layer of necrophylactic periderms with multiple bands of phellem. In 27-year-old western larch, infection was often confined to discrete lesions bounded by multiple periderms with multiple bands of phellem. In both tree species, phellem production was greater in response to infection than in response to abiotic wounding.
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: Natural Resources Canada, Canadian Forest Service. Pacific Forestry Centre, Victoria, BC, Canada V8Z 1M5
Publication date: April 1, 2004