Skip to main content

Comparison of Two Surgical Methods (Winograd and Sleeve Method) in the Treatment of Ingrown Toenail

Buy Article:

$43.00 plus tax (Refund Policy)


Ingrowing toenail is one of the most common nail complaints. Although many surgical treatments are described for complicated nails, frequent recurrence of pain and postoperative disability necessitate finding an appropriate treatment. METHODS

In a clinical trial, we compared the Winograd and sleeve (gutter) surgical methods to find a simple, painless, and practical alternative. RESULTS

Of 100 patients (mean 27.8) included in the study, 50 underwent Winograd surgery and the rest the sleeve method. Postoperative infection occurred in four (8%) patients in the sleeve and three (6%) in the Winograd group. The condition reoccurred in five (10%) patients who underwent sleeve surgery and six (12%) who underwent Winograd. Recurrence rate was higher in female patients, although the difference was not statistically significant. Mean surgery duration for Winograd and sleeve methods was 15.7 minutes and 9.4 minutes, respectively, and postoperative work day loss was 2.0 weeks and 1.1 weeks, respectively. CONCLUSION

The sleeve method seems to be more practical and appropriate for patients planning to go back to work sooner and better fulfills the main characteristics for the primary treatment of choice.

The authors have indicated no significant interest with commercial supporters.
No References
No Citations
No Supplementary Data
No Article Media
No Metrics

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Department of Surgery 2: Skin Research Center, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Shohada-e Tajrish Hospital, Tehran, Iran

Publication date: 01 March 2011

  • Access Key
  • Free content
  • Partial Free content
  • New content
  • Open access content
  • Partial Open access content
  • Subscribed content
  • Partial Subscribed content
  • Free trial content
Cookie Policy
Cookie Policy
Ingenta Connect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more