Eyelid Tightening and Improved Eyelid Aperture through Nonablative Fractional Resurfacing

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Abstract:

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE

The effects of fractional resurfacing on eyelid tightening and aperture are unknown. Our purpose was to retrospectively examine the potential for eyelid tightening and eye-aperture opening in patients treated with nonablative fractional resurfacing for facial photorejuvenation. STUDY DESIGN/MATERIALS AND METHODS

Fractional laser treatments using a 1,550-nm erbium-doped fiber laser system on the upper and lower eyelids were given at a pulse energy of 17 to 20 mJ at 125 micro-thermal zones (MTZ)/cm2 to a final density of 500 to 750 MTZ/cm2. Each patient had 3 to 7 treatments. Standard pre- and post-treatment photographs were taken at each visit. Physicians who graded 31 preselected patient photographs using a 4-point scale evaluated eyelid tightening. Increase in eyelid aperture was also evaluated. RESULTS

All patients had some degree of eyelid tightening; 19% achieved 1% to 25% tightening, 26% achieved 25% to 50%, 26% achieved 50% to 75%, and 29% achieved 75% to 100%. Increase in eyelid aperture was seen in 55.9% of patients. Postoperative wounding, hypopigmentation, hyperpigmentation, persistent erythema, and scarring were not observed. All patients experienced mild or no edema for a few days after treatment. CONCLUSION

Fractional resurfacing tightens and increases eyelid aperture without wounding, downtime, or long-term complications.

Dr. Geronemus is a shareholder in Reliant Technologies.

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1524-4725.2008.34308.x

Affiliations: Laser and Skin Surgery Center of New York, New York, New York;

Publication date: November 1, 2008

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