Sclerotherapy of Reticular and Telangiectatic Veins of the Face, Hands, and Chest

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Abstract:

background.

Prominent tortuous veins of the face and hands may result from the process of aging and constitute a source of distress for many patients. Marked telangiectases of the chest and face are similarly distressing to some patients.objective.

To determine the safety and efficacy of sclerotherapy for telangiectatic veins of the face and chest and varicose veins of the hands.methods.

Twenty facial telangiectases and tortuous veins in 14 patients and 20 total facial sites were treated with sclerotherapy. Patients did not suffer from collagen vascular diseases, had no chronic illnesses, and were thoroughly informed of the strictly cosmetic nature of the procedure. A hyperosmolar sclerosant was used in 16 of 20 sites and the remaining 4 sites were treated with a detergent sclerosant (polidocanol 0.5–0.75%). The follow-up period ranged from 9 months to 15 years. Similarly the varicose veins of 14 hands in seven patients were treated with sclerotherapy using a detergent sclerosant [sodium tetradecyl sulfate (STS)] at various concentrations (1–3%). The follow-up period ranged from 1 to 6.5 years. Tortuous veins and telangiectases on the chest of three patients were treated with either STS 0.25–0.50% or polidocanol 0.75% with a follow-up of 2–9 years.results.

Tortuous facial veins and telangiectases had a mean improvement of 70%, with 11 of 20 sites showing a 90–100% improvement. Hand varicosities had a mean improvement of 97.8%, and all sites showed a 90–100% resolution of varicosities. Finally, the tortuous veins and telangiectases of the chest improved by 50–100% with sclerotherapy. Only minimal to moderate telangiectatic matting was observed in two patients (one in the lateral canthal area and one near the treatment site of chest reticular veins). No ulceration or hyperpigmentation occurred long term in facial or hand veins. One patient developed an arterial ulceration on the left lateral breast.conclusion.

Sclerotherapy of varicose and telangiectatic veins of the face, hands, and chest can be safe and effective. Care must be given to sclerotherapy in the chest area, particularly the breast.

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: January 1, 2002

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