The expression of cyclin-dependent kinases inhibitors, p57kip2, was investigated during the postnatal development of mouse testis, and in adult human testis. Expression of p57kip2 mRNA was higher in immature than pubertal or adult mouse testes. In postnatal day 7 (PND7) testes, moderate p57kip2 immunoreactivity was found in spermatogonia, but signal was heterogeneous among the spermatogonia. In PND14 testes onward, strong immunoreactivity of p57kip2 was found in the nuclei of early spermatocytes but not in the late pachytene stage onward. In PND28 and PND50 testes, p57kip2 immunoreactivity was varying among the seminiferous tubules. There was no visible signal in late pachytene stage onward. In Leydig cells, heterogeneous immunoreactivity of p57kip2 was found in immature testis and the signal intensity was higher in adult testis than immature ones. In Sertoli cells, weak or negligible immunoreactivity of p57kip2 was found. In human seminiferous tubule, strong immunoreactivity of p57kip2 was found in the nucleus of early spermatocytes, but not in the late pachytene spermatocytes onward and Sertoli cells. These results suggest the possible role of p57kip2 in the regulation of early spermatogonial proliferation, meiotic progression of early spermatocytes and differentiation of Leydig cells in testis.
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Document Type: Research Article
Assisted Reproductive Technology Clinic, Konyang University Hospital, Daejeon 302–241,
Department of Life Science, College of Natural Sciences, Hanyang University, Seoul 133–791, Korea.
Publication date: 01 December 2004