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Free Content Effect of protein phosphatase inhibitors on cleavage furrow formation in newt eggs: Inhibition of normal furrow formation and concomitant induction of furrow-like dents

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Abstract:

The effects of three protein phosphatase inhibitors, okadaic acid, calyculin A and tautomycin, on the formation of cleavage furrows and the induction of furrow-like dents in the egg of the newt, Cynops pyrrhogaster, were examined. Solutions of the individual compound were injected into the animal hemisphere of one of the two presumptive blastomere regions of the embryo during the first cleavage. Injection of a solution containing any of the chemicals often disturbed the formation of a normal furrow in the injected blastomere at second cleavage. Injection with okadaic acid or calyculin A often induced furrow-like dents on the surface of the injected blastomere at the same time as second cleavage in control embryos, while that with tautomycin usually did not induce them. In an injected blastomere, formation of dents started in the animal half and moved towards the vegetal half as the furrow in its counterpart blastomere extended from the animal half towards the vegetal. Dents gradually became slightly deeper and formed cytoplasmic projections that later degenerated, leaving a surface scar. Cytological observations on blastomeres injected with calyculin A revealed that nuclear division occurred normally.

Keywords: amphibian egg; calyculin A; cleavage furrow; furrow induction; okadaic acid

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1046/j.1440-169X.1997.t01-1-00012.x

Affiliations: Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, Yamagata University, Yamagata 990, Japan.

Publication date: April 1, 1997

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