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Free Content Expression of spicule matrix protein gene SM30 in embryonic and adult mineralized tissues of sea urchin Hemicentrotus pulcherrimus

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We have isolated a cDNA clone for spicule matrix protein, SM30, from sea urchin Hemicentrotus pulcherrimus and have studied the expression of this gene in comparison with that of another spicule matrix protein gene, SM50. In cultured micromeres as well as in intact embryos transcripts of SM30 were first detectable around the onset of spicule formation and rapidly increased with the growth of spicules, which accompanied accumulation of glycosylated SM30 protein(s). When micromeres were cultured in the presence of Zn2+, spicule formation and SM30 expression were suppressed, while both events resumed concurrently after the removal of Zn2+ from the culture medium. Expression of SM50, in contrast, started before the appearance of spicules and was not sensitive to Zn2+. Differences were also observed in adult tissues; SM30 mRNA was detected in spines and tube feet but not in the test, while SM50 mRNA was apparent in all of these mineralized tissues at similar levels. These results strongly suggest that the SM30 gene is regulated by a different mechanism to that of the SM50 gene and that the products of these two genes are differently involved in sea urchin biomineralization. A possible role of SM30 protein in skeleton formation is discussed.
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Keywords: SM30 gene; Zn2+; biomineralization; micromere; sea urchin

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Department of Biology, Tokyo Metropolitan University, Minami-Ohsawa, Hachioji, Tokyo 192-03, Japan. 2: Department of Molecular and Cell Biology, LSA, Box 379, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA. 3: Department of Gene Science, Hiroshima University, Kagamiyama, Higashi-Hiroshima, Hiroshima 724, Japan.

Publication date: 01 December 1996

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