Cultivation of chicken proventricular epithelial cells and their potential for differentiation
Epithelial cells of chicken proventriculus (glandular stomach) differentiate into two types; luminal and glandular epithelial cells. The molecules regulating the differentiation of proventricular epithelial cells are not well understood. As the first step in screening the molecular determinants involved in the cell differentiation process, we tried to establish an in vitro culture system for isolated proventricular epithelial cells. Various basal media, growth factors and sera were tested. The medium that supports well the proliferation of epithelial cells was composed of Ham's F12 as the basal medium with epidermal growth factor (10 g/mL), insulin (10 g/mL), cholera toxin (1 g/mL) and bovine pituitary extract (100 g/mL). Fetal calf serum stimulated cell proliferation 1.7-fold, while horse serum was rather toxic. Proventricular epithelial cells proliferated for 3 days, but began to die out within 1 week of culture. Cultured epithelial cells never expressed embryonic chicken pepsinogen (ECPg), a marker gene of glandular epithelial cells, or maintained ECPg expression. The capacity for ECPg expression in cultured epithelial cells was analyzed by recombination with the proventricular mesenchyme and ECPg was detected in epithelial cells cultured up to 3 days. We concluded therefore, that epithelial cells keep the capacity for ECPg expression for 3 days of cultivation and proventricular mesenchymal cells are required for the actual expression of the ECPg gene.
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Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, Tokyo Metropolitan University, 1-1 Minamiohsawa, Hachioji, Tokyo 192-03, Japan.
Publication date: 1996-10-01