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China's Current Real Estate Cycle and Potential Financial Risks

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The real estate cycle and financial stability are closely correlated. In light of global real estate bubbles, China's real estate cycle has attracted wide attention since 1998. The present paper analyzes three driving factors in the context of the current real estate cycle; namely, economic growth, macroeconomic environment and institutional establishment. Supported by econometric analysis using quarterly data from 1992–2004, the present paper indicates that real estate will develop steadily and that housing prices will consistently rise in the relative long run. Based on quantitative analysis, it is concluded that the implications of the current real estate cycle for financial stability include risks of real estate credit exposure, government guarantees and maturity mismatch. Some corresponding policy implications are discussed, such as advancing banking reform, encouraging the rational behavior of local governments and strengthening the regulation of foreign capital flows in and out of China's real estate industry.

(Edited by Xinyu Fan)
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Keywords: E51; E61; L1; bank credit; financial stability; real estate cycle

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Professor, Institute of Economics, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, Beijing, China., Email: [email protected] 2: Deputy Division Chief, Financial Stability Bureau, the People's Bank of China, Beijing, China, Email: [email protected]

Publication date: 2006-08-01

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