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DIFFERENTIAL COERCION, STREET YOUTH, AND VIOLENT CRIME

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Abstract:

Using a sample of 300 homeless street youths, this study examines differential coercion theory and the role that coercion and the socialpsychological deficits of anger, low self-control, coercive modeling, coercive ideation, and control imbalances play in the generation of violent crime. Results from cross-sectional and prospective offending models that examine the individual mediators reveal that coercion has a direct relationship with violent offending as well as a relationship that is mediated by low self-control, anger, coercive modeling, and coercive ideation. Although control imbalances have a direct relationship with crime, they do not mediate the relationship between coercion and crime. In the cross-sectional model that contains all the mediators, coercion, low self-control, anger, coercive modeling, and coercive ideation are associated with crime. In the prospective model that contains all the mediators, only anger, coercive modeling, and coercive ideation remain associated with crime. Results are discussed regarding future theory development and policy implications.

Keywords: differential coercion; street youth; violent crime

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1745-9125.2009.00144.x

Affiliations: Department of Sociology, Queen's University

Publication date: February 1, 2009

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