Adaptive modifications of carapace outlines in the Cytheroidea (Ostracoda: Crustacea)
Author: TANAKA, GENGO
Source: Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, Volume 97, Number 4, August 2009 , pp. 810-821(12)
Abstract:Shell outlines of 202 extant cytheroidean ostracods were analysed in dorsal, lateral, and posterior views by elliptic Fourier analysis. The results obtained confirm that the exterior morphology is related to ecological factors as well as phylogenetic constraints. Phytal species living on tall seagrass and benthic species burrowing in sediments are characterized and differentiated from the species crawling on sediments by the presence of slender shells with tapered venters. With reference to reconstruction of ancestral state of outline traits on the molecular phylogeny, the hypothetical ancestor of cytheroidean ostracods is presumed to have had an average-shaped shell. Morphological plasticity of the shell outline was observed in many families. The phytal species living on tall seagrass appear to have evolved convergently with species from other habitats, acquiring slim shell outlines during the Cenozoic period. The present analysis also reveals the phylogenetic constraints on the morphological evolution of the Trachyleberididae in their adaptation to a burrowing habit. © 2009 The Linnean Society of London, Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, 2009, 97, 810-821.
Document Type: Research article
Publication date: 2009-08-01