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Mitochondrial DNA variation in the western house mouse (Mus musculus domesticus) close to its site of origin: studies in Turkey

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In contrast to a substantial inventory of mitochondriald-loop sequences from the West European part of the range of the western house mouse Mus musculus domesticus, there are few such data from close to the Middle Eastern origin of the subspecies. This paper attempts to rectify this situation, with details ofd-loop sequences of 92 mice from 45 localities in Turkey, adding to the six mice from three localities previously studied from that country. The molecular data were found to be consistent with Turkey being close to the site of origin of M. m. domesticus. The 54 Turkish haplotypes were distributed throughout a phylogenetic tree incorporating representative sequences described previously, and there was high nucleotide diversity among the Turkish mice. There was weak genetic structure in Turkey, although haplotypes of the ‘Main Turkish Clade’, while common over much of Turkey, were absent from Southern Anatolia. Haplotypes of the Main Turkish Clade were also found in western Europe and it is believed that they derived from Turkey, which thus represents one of the source areas for the westwards expansion of M. m. domesticus. © 2005 The Linnean Society of London, Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, 2005, 84, 473–485.

Keywords: colonization history; commensalism; d-loop; phylogeography

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1095-8312.2005.00448.x

Affiliations: 1: Department of Biology, Faculty of Arts and Sciences, University of Ondokuz Mayis, Samsun, Turkey 2: Department of Biology, University of York, PO Box 373, York YO10 5YW, UK 3: Department of Biology, Faculty of Arts and Sciences, University of Erciyes, Kayseri, Turkey

Publication date: March 1, 2005

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