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Biochemical and egg size evolution of freshwater fishes in the

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Abstract:

Many colour morphs have been recognized in the Rhinogobius brunneus complex. A recent electrophoretic study has revealed that some of the colour morphs are well differentiated from each other genetically. In Okinawa, egg‐size and life‐history variation has been found in addition to the colour variation in this species complex. To clarify the nature of this life‐history variation, gobies of a fluviatile morph with large eggs as well as three other amphidromous morphs with small eggs, inhabiting a single stream sympatrically in Okinawa, were analysed by electrophoresis and the females were also used for comparison of egg and clutch sizes. Electrophoretic data for 34 loci showed that each morph was separated by a fixed‐allele difference for at least one locus, indicating that the four morphs which occurred sympatrically are reproductively isolated from each other. However, Nei's genetic distance between the fluviatile morph and one of the amphidromous morphs was much smaller (0.026) than distances among amphidromous gobies (0.323‐0.480). Egg size of the former was by far the largest among the four. These results imply that speciation of the fluviatile morph accompanied by the egg‐size increase has been completed rapidly without considerable genetic differentiation.

Document Type: Original Article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1095-8312.1994.tb00965.x

Affiliations: Department of Marine Sciences, University of the Ryukyus, Nishihara, Okinawa 903-01, Japan

Publication date: 1994-03-01

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