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Ontogenetic variations in characters of Euchone analis (Krøyer, 1856) (Polychaeta, Sabellidae, Sabellinae) from Spitsbergen, and new assignments of Oriopsis ingelorae Plate, 1995 and O. liefdefjordensis Plate, 1995

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Abstract

Bick, A. and Randel, N. 2005. Ontogenetic variations in characters of Euchone analis (Krøyer, 1856) (Polychaeta, Sabellidae, Sabellinae) from Spitsbergen, and new assignments of Oriopsis ingelorae Plate, 1995 and O. liefdefjordensis Plate, 1995. — Acta Zoologica (Stockholm) 86: 145–157

Euchone analis, the type species of its genus, was collected in high densities and in different size classes from Kongsfjorden, west Spitsbergen. This material has provided the basis for an investigation of the size dependence of characters. Almost all characters used in diagnoses were highly variable, especially the number of abdominal chaetigers forming the anal depression and the shape of the depression. The only relatively constant features are the number of chaetigers anterior to the anal depression and the branchial crown-to-body length ratio. A branchial skeleton extension of the radiolar appendages of the dorsal lips was found for the first time within Euchone, and this character has been added to the diagnosis of Euchone. Oriopsis liefdefjordensis and small specimens of E. analis agree in all characters, and O. liefdefjordensis is proposed to be a junior synonym of E. analis. Characters found in O. ingelorae are in accordance with those described for Chone, and we propose assigning O. ingelorae to this genus. The significance of ontogenetic character variations in the Sabellidae is discussed.
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Keywords: Dorsal lips; Euchone analis; O. liefdefjordensis; Oriopsis ingelorae; Sabellidae; Sabellinae; Spitsbergen; radiolar appendages; radiolar crown; size-dependent characters

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Universität Rostock, FB Biowissenschaften, Allgemeine and Spezielle Zoologie, Universitätsplatz 2, D-18051 Rostock, Germany

Publication date: 2005-04-01

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