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The Vascularization of the Anuran Brain Diencephalon and Choroid Plexus: A scanning electron microscopical study of vascular corrosion casts

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Albrecht, U., Lametschwandtner, A., Adam, H. 1979. The vascularization of the anuran brain. Diencephalon and choroid plexus. A scanning electron microscopical study of vascular corrosion casts. (Department of Zoology, University of Saulzburg, Austria.) — Acta zool. (Stockh.) 61(4): 203–220.

The vascularization of the diencephalon (with choroid plexus of the third ventricle, epithalamus and pineal region, thalamus and hypothalamus) of the toad, Bufo bufo (L.) has been studied by means of scanning electron microscopy of vascular corrosion casts. To localize angioarchitectonic patterns of distinct diencephalic regions the authors refer to critical point dried specimens and to histological sections. In the choroid plexus a supply via one choroid artery, which arises from the posterior telencephalic artery, was found. Its strict dichotomous branching is pointed out. In generally a similar vascular pattern like that in the choroid plexus of the fourth ventricle has to be reported. Furthermore the epithalamic region with the epiphysial area was under investigation. No special angioarchitecture of the epiphysis was found. There are also no prominent vascular connections with thalamic or hypothalamic regions. The thalamic region is supplied by branches of the posterior telencephalic artery as well as by branches of the preoptic artery. Epithalamic and thalamic regions are drained via the posterior diencephalic vein. Special attention was also paid to the preoptic, the chiasmatic and the retrochiasmatic area. No special vascular connections, however, were found.

Document Type: Original Article


Affiliations: Department of Zoology, University of Salzburg, Austria

Publication date: December 1, 1980


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