Structure and function of CYP108D1 from Novosphingobium aromaticivorans DSM12444: an aromatic hydrocarbon‐binding P450 enzyme
Abstract:CYP108D1 from Novosphingobium aromaticivorans DSM12444 binds a range of aromatic hydrocarbons such as phenanthrene, biphenyl and phenylcyclohexane. Its structure, which is reported here at 2.2 Å resolution, is closely related to that of CYP108A1 (P450terp), an α‐terpineol‐oxidizing enzyme. The compositions and structures of the active sites of these two enzymes are very similar; the most significant changes are the replacement of Glu77 and Thr103 in CYP108A1 by Thr79 and Val105 in CYP108D1. Other residue differences lead to a larger and more hydrophobic access channel in CYP108D1. These structural features are likely to account for the weaker α‐terpineol binding by CYP108D1 and, when combined with the presence of three hydrophobic phenylalanine residues in the active site, promote the binding of aromatic hydrocarbons. The haem‐proximal surface of CYP108D1 shows a different charge distribution and topology to those of CYP101D1, CYP101A1 and CYP108A1, including a pronounced kink in the proximal loop of CYP108D1, which may result in poor complementarity with the [2Fe–2S] ferredoxins Arx, putidaredoxin and terpredoxin that are the respective redox partners of these three P450 enzymes. The unexpectedly low reduction potential of phenylcyclohexane‐bound CYP108D1 (−401 mV) may also contribute to the low activity observed with these ferredoxins. CYP108D1 appears to function as an aromatic hydrocarbon hydroxylase that requires a different electron‐transfer cofactor protein.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: March 1, 2012