Incommensurate modulation of calcium barium niobate (CBN28 and Ce:CBN28)
Abstract:The incommensurately modulated crystal structures of Ca0.28Ba0.72Nb2O6 (CBN28) and Ce0.02Ca0.25Ba0.72Nb2O6 (Ce:CBN28) were refined in the supercentred setting X4bm(AA0,−AA0) of the 3 + 2‐dimensional superspace group P4bm(aa½,−aa½). Both compounds are isostructural with a tetragonal tungsten bronze‐type structure. The modulation of CBN28 consists of a wavy distribution of Ba and Ca atoms as well as vacancies on the incompletely occupied Me2 site with 15‐fold oxygen coordination. The occupational modulation is coupled with a modulation of the atomic displacement parameters and a very weak modulation of the positional parameters of Me2. The surrounding O atoms show strong displacive modulations with amplitudes up to ca 0.2 Å owing to the cooperative tilting of the rigid NbO6 octahedra. The Me1 site with 12‐fold coordination and Nb atoms are hardly affected by the modulations. Only first‐order satellites were observed and the modulations are described by first‐order harmonics. In Ce:CBN28 cerium appears to be located on both the Me2 and Me1 sites. Wavevectors and structural modulations are only weakly modified upon substitutional incorporation of 0.02 cerium per formula unit of calcium.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: 2012-04-01