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X-ray multiple-wave coherent interaction in a quasi-two-dimensional material NbSe2-2H

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The first observation of the X-ray multiple-wave interaction in an incommensurate charge-density-wave (CDW) modulated structure at low temperatures is reported for an example of a quasi-two-dimensional material, NbSe2-2H. Via the coherent interaction between the X-ray waves propagating in the CDW-modulated structure and the host structure, the phase-dependent intensity variations of a CDW reflection were detected. In accord with a centrosymmetric structure, the phases of the structure-factor triplets of two CDW reflections and a Bragg reflection of the host structure were determined to be either 0 or 180°, and not to vary with temperature. Relative phase differences of the two CDW reflections are also deduced.
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Keywords: X-ray multiple-wave; charge-density wave; electron-density distribution; incommensurate modulation; modulated structure

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 2004-05-01

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