Viral diseases of the Ostrich (Struthio camelus var. domesticus)

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The ostrich is an important animal in many livestock industries. A significant threat to this industry is losses from diseases. Newcastle disease is a notifiable, highly contagious viral infection of ostriches. Avian influenza may be transmitted from waterfowl, shorebirds and gulls to ostriches. Borna disease virus is a viral neurotropic infection spread mainly by rodents and felines. Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever is a viral disease transmitted by Hyalomma ticks to humans. Avipoxvirus afflicts ostrich chicks and is transmitted by mosquitoes or by direct contact with a pox lesion. Maintenance of a healthy and profitable enterprise requires the implementation, with assistance from the local veterinary authority, of comprehensive, practical and effective methods of health management and preventative medicine.

Keywords: disease; health; ostrich; treatment

Document Type: Review Article


Affiliations: 1: Institute of Genetics and Animal Breeding, Polish Academy of Sciences, Kosowska, Poland and 2: Fukuoka Women's Junior College, Fukuma-machi, Fukuoka-ken, Japan

Publication date: April 1, 2004

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