Effects of medium-chain fatty acid-cyclodextrin complexes on ruminal methane production in vitro

$48.00 plus tax (Refund Policy)

Download / Buy Article:

Abstract:

ABSTRACT

The purpose of the present study was to evaluate effects of medium-chain fatty acid-cyclodextrin (CD) complexes on ruminal methane and volatile fatty acid production, and protozoal activity in vitro. Medium-chain fatty acid-CDs used in this study were caprylic acid (C8)-αCD or -βCD, capric acid (C10)-αCD or -βCD, and lauric acid (C12)-αCD or -βCD. A 60-mL of diluted rumen fluid was incubated anaerobically at 38°C for 6 h with the addition of the complex (10–40 mg as fatty acid). Each of the fatty acid-CDs reduced the number of protozoa, with the order C10 > C12 > C8, and βCD complexes were more effective than αCD complexes. Molar proportions of acetic acid remained unchanged with the addition of fatty acid-CD, while that of propionic acid increased, being significant for C8-αCD and βCD, and C10-αCD and βCD (P < 0.05). Hydrogen production decreased by about 70% of control with the addition of 40 mg of C8 and C10-CD, on the other hand, it tended to increase with the addition of C12-CD in both αCD and βCD. Methane production decreased by about 20% with the addition of 40 mg of complexes, except for C10-βCD, which significantly reduced methane production by about 60%. In conclusion, the addition of C8 or C10-CD to ruminant diets may be effective in reducing methane production.

Keywords: cyclodextrin; medium-chain fatty acids; methane production; protozoa; rumen

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1046/j.1344-3941.2002.00066.x

Affiliations: 1: Bio Research Corporation of Yokohama, Kanazawa-ku, Yokohama-shi and 2: Faculty of Agriculture, Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology, Fuchu-shi, Japan

Publication date: December 1, 2002

Related content

Tools

Favourites

Share Content

Access Key

Free Content
Free content
New Content
New content
Open Access Content
Open access content
Subscribed Content
Subscribed content
Free Trial Content
Free trial content
Cookie Policy
X
Cookie Policy
ingentaconnect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more