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Nuclear transfer using a bovine mammary epithelial cell line (BMEC)

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Abstract:

ABSTRACT

The developmental potential of nuclei from a bovine mammary epithelial cell line (BMEC) in nuclear transfer was investigated. For nuclear transfer donors, BMEC cells (passage 15) were cultured for 4–5 days after seeding at cell densities of 1.0 × 105 cells/cm2 (high-density group) or 0.8 × 104 cells/cm2 (low-density group). First, the effective electric stimulation for fusion of enucleated oocytes with BMEC cells was examined. Fusion rates reached maximum with two DC pulses of 30 V/150 µm for 20 µs in the high-density group and with two DC pulses of 25 V/150 µm for 10 µs in the low-density group. The fusion rate (37.5%) in the high-density group was significantly (P < 0.005) lower than in the low-density group (71.4%). Second, the in vitro developmental potential of nuclear transfer embryos derived from BMEC cells was examined. In the high-density and low-density groups, 18.8% and 24.1% of fused oocytes, respectively, developed to blastocyst stage. The results of this study indicate that nuclei from BMEC cells support the development of nuclear transfer embryos to the blastocyst stage and that the efficiency of oocyte–cell fusion is affected by the culture conditions of the donor BEMC cells before nuclear transfer.

Keywords: bovine; cell density; embryo; mammary epithelial cell; nuclear transfer

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1344-3941.2002.00064.x

Affiliations: 1: National Institute of Livestock and Grassland Science, Tsukuba Norin Kenkyu Danchi, Ibaraki-ken, 2: National Institute of Agrobiological Sciences, Tsukuba Norin Kenkyu Danchi, Ibaraki-ken, 3: National Agricultural Research Center for Tohoku Region, Morioka-shi and 4: Graduate School of Agricultural Science, Tohoku University, Aoba-ku, Sendai-shi, Japan

Publication date: 2002-12-01

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