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Absorption of biologically active peptide hormones from the small intestine of rat

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Absorption of the 4, 10 and 34 amino acid forms of gastrin from the small intestine has been investigated in anaesthetized rats. The method of assessment of successful absorption of the hormone into the systemic circulation was when the amount of acid secreted by the stomach over consecutive 15-min periods was increased. When the natural hormones were infused into the ileum in a relatively high dose, there was no increase in gastric acid secretion, indicating that they had not been absorbed. Each of the forms of gastrin was conjugated at the free amino terminus to the carboxyl group of cholic acid. Subsequent infusion of the conjugated form of gastrin into the ileum, this time in relatively low doses, resulted in substantial and prolonged increases in gastric acid secretion, indicating that these hormones had been successfully absorbed. In addition, conjugation of the 10 and 34 amino acid forms of gastrin with cholic acid was shown to increase markedly the potency in evoking an increase in gastric acid secretion in response to intravenous injection of the hormone. Absorption of the gastrin conjugates was specific to the ileum thus indicating that they had been absorbed through the bile salt transporters.

Keywords: absorption; cholic acid; gastrin; ileum

Document Type: Research Article


Affiliations: 1:  West Medical Building, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, UK 2:  Thistle Research, 6.11 Kelvin Campus, West of Scotland Science Park, Maryhill Road, Glasgow, UK

Publication date: November 1, 2002

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