Endothelin synthesis and receptors in porcine kidney
Authors: Bäcker, A.; Bokemeyer, D.; Kramer, H. J.
Source: Acta Physiologica, Volume 171, Number 1, January 2001 , pp. 105-112(8)
Abstract:As insufficient information on the endothelin (ET) system in the porcine kidney is available at present, we investigated renal ET-1 synthesis and ET receptors in this species. Because ET specifically affects renal and glomerular haemodynamics and distal tubular reabsorption, we studied ET-1 synthesis in isolated glomeruli and in inner medullary collecting duct (IMCD) cells and preproET-1 mRNA in renal cortex, isolated glomeruli and papillary tissue. In addition, we characterized density and properties of ET receptors in membranes from isolated glomeruli and papillary tissue. In contrast to isolated IMCD cells, which synthesized 120 ± 11 fmol h−1 mg−1 protein of ET-1, no such synthesis was found with isolated glomeruli in our assay system. Nevertheless, with RT-PCR preproET-1 mRNA was clearly present in renal cortex and glomeruli as well as in papillary tissue. Glomerular membranes were found to have ET receptors with Bmax of 1.6 ± 0.2 pmol mg−1 protein and Kd of 311 ± 33 pmol L−1. Using BQ-123 (10−5 M), a specific blocker of ETA receptors, we found that 58% of total receptors are ETA receptors. Thus, presumably 42% are ETB receptors (Bmax 0.7 ± 0.1 pmol mg−1 protein; Kd 429 ± 110 pmol L−1). Bosentan (10−5 M), an ETA- and ETB-receptor antagonist, blocked all ET receptors in glomerular membranes. Papillary membranes showed ET receptors with Bmax of 2.1 ± 0.2 pmol mg−1 protein and Kd of 137 ± 11 pmol L−1. In the presence of BQ-123 (10−5 M) we found that all receptors are ETB receptors (Bmax 2.3 ± 0.4 pmol mg−1 protein; Kd 162 ± 25 pmol L−1). Bosentan (10−5 M) again blocked all ET receptors in papillary membranes, thus confirming our previous finding that IMCD cells possess high-affinity ETB receptors mediating the diuretic effects of ET. Thus, in the porcine kidney the ET system may act in an autocrine/paracrine manner at the glomerular as well as at the IMCD level.
Document Type: Research article
Publication date: 2001-01-01