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Lactoferrin and anti-lactoferrin antibodies: Effects of ironloading of lactoferrin on albumin extravasation in different tissues in rats

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Lactoferrin is a cationic iron-binding protein, which is released from activated neutrophils in concert with reactive oxygen species. In vitro, lactoferrin has both anti- and proinflammatory effects; many of them dependent on iron-binding. In vivo, only iron-free lactoferrin reduced inflammatory hyperpermeability in the lung. We therefore examined whether 1 mg iron-free (Apo-Lf) or iron-saturated lactoferrin (Holo-Lf) alone or followed by anti-lactoferrin antibodies (aLf) affected permeability evaluated by extravasation of radiolabelled bovine serum albumin (CBSA) in different tissues of anaesthetized rats. Fifteen minutes after i.v. injection of Lf, aLf or saline was given and circulatory arrest was induced 20 min thereafter. Measurements were performed in control, after Apo-Lf, Holo-Lf, Apo-Lf + aLf, Holo-Lf + aLf and aLf alone (n=6–8 in each group). No intergroup differences were found for plasma volume and haematocrit at the start and end of the 37 min extravasation period or for total tissue water in any of the six different tissues studied, excluding larger transcapillary fluid shifts. However, increases in CBSA were seen without differences in tissue intravascular volume. Iron-free lactoferrin and aLf alone did not change CBSA significantly. Iron-saturated lactoferrin significantly increased CBSA in skin (neck), trachea and left ventricle of the heart to 249 ± 9, 284 ± 16 and 160 ± 7% of control, respectively. When followed by aLf, both Apo- and Holo-Lf increased CBSA significantly in four and five of the tissues studied, respectively. However, no significant effect was seen for Holo-Lf + aLf compared with Holo-Lf alone. In conclusion, iron-saturated, but not iron-free lactoferrin increased CBSA, whereas antilactoferrin increased CBSA compared with lactoferrin alone only when following iron-free lactoferrin.
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Keywords: albumin extravasation; inflammation; iron; lactoferrin; microvascular permeability; skin

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Department of Physiology, University of Bergen, Norway, 2: Department of Internal Medicine, Med A, University of Bergen, Norway

Publication date: 01 September 2000

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