Impact of oestradiol and progesterone on the glycosaminoglycans and their depolymerizing enzymes of the rat mammary gland
Abstract:The influence of oestradiol and progesterone either singly or in combination with each other on the levels of hyaluronic acid, heparan sulphate, chondroitin sulphate, and on the activity of hyaluronidase and chondroitinase were investigated in the mammary gland of ovary-intact and in ovariectomized rats, administered oestradiol and/or progesterone. Administration of oestradiol to ovary-intact rats elevated the levels of hyaluronic acid and decreased the levels of heparan sulphate while progesterone, when administered alone, could elevate only chondroitin sulphate when compared with controls. The steroids when administered in combination, however, increased the levels of all glycosaminoglycans studied. Ovariectomized animals showed a decrease in heparan sulphate alone as compared with controls while administration of oestradiol to these rats elevated the levels of both heparan sulphate and chondroitin sulphate as compared with ovariectomized rats. Also the administration of progesterone either singly or in combination increased the levels of heparan sulphate and also decreased the levels of hyaluronic acid with no impact on the levels of chondoritin sulphate. In ovary-intact animals administration of oestradiol alone had no effect on hyaluronidase activity. Progesterone either singly or in combination with oestradiol reduced the activity of hyaluronidase, whereas it had no influence on the activity of chondroitinase. The activities of both the enzymes were decreased in ovariectomized animals and administration of oestradiol and/or progesterone to the above groups resulted in an increase. This study demonstrates that oestradiol anzd progesterone play an important role in modulating glycosaminoglycans and their depolymerizing enzymes, thereby influencing the activities of the mammary epithelium.
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: Department of Endocrinology, University of Madras, Dr ALM PG Institute of Basic Medical Sciences, Taramani, Chennai, India
Publication date: March 1, 2000