The effect of AVP-V2 receptor stimulation on local GFR in the rat kidney
The effect of AVP-V2 receptor agonist desmopressin, dDAVP, its non-peptide antagonist OPC-31260 and vehicle infusion on glomerular filtration rate (GFR) in the outer, middle and inner cortex was studied in both hydropenic and water diuretic Inactin anaesthetized female Sprague–Dawley rats using the aprotinin method. Two subsequent GFR measurements were carried out in the same kidney by injection of 125I- and 131I-labelled aprotinin before and after i.v. infusion of dDAVP, OPC-31260 or the vehicle. Acute infusion of dDAVP in hydropenic rats increased total GFR by 14% relative to vehicle infusion, whereas in water diuretic rats it had no effect relative to vehicle. No significant changes in arterial pressure (Pa) or renal blood flow (RBF) were recorded. Infusion of OPC-31260 reduced total GFR by 11% compared with vehicle. These results are consistent with the findings that a presensitization of the vasculature by high plasma levels of AVP is necessary for the renal vascular effects mediated by the V2 or V2-like receptors to occur. The ratio between inner and outer cortex GFR remained unchanged from control to experimental condition as follows: dDAVP infusion in hydropenic rats, 0.504 vs. 0.494 in control; vehicle infusion in hydropenic rats, 0.393 vs. 0.392; OPC-31260 infusion in hydropenic rats, 0.517 vs. 0.523; dDAVP in water diuretic rats, 0.547 vs. 0.543; vehicle in water diuretic rats, 0.413 vs. 0.417. Thus no significant difference in the GFR response was observed between superficial and deep cortical layers of the rat kidney.