Cardiodepressant mediators are released after myocardial ischaemia: modulation by catecholamines and adenosine
The interaction of recently characterized cardiodepressant mediators with catecholamines and adenosine after myocardial ischaemia was investigated using a model of sequential perfusion of two isolated guinea-pig hearts. Sequential perfusion was initiated after 10, 20, and 30 min (group I, II, and III) of global ischaemia in the first heart. At the onset of sequential perfusion LVdP/dtmax and min of Heart II decreased by 46 and 44% in group I, by 28 and 34% in group II, and increased by 60 and 24% in group III. Infusion of the 1-receptor antagonist metoprolol (2.8 μmol L–1) into Heart II did not modulate contractile changes after 10 min of ischaemia in Heart I, prevented the attenuation of the cardiodepressant effect after 20 min of ischaemia, and completely reversed the positive inotropic effect after 30 min of ischaemia. The A1- and A2-receptor antagonists DPCPX (2 μmol L–1) and DMPX (20 μmol L–1) enhanced the positive inotropic and lusitropic effects in Heart II (LVdP/dtmax +154%, LVdP/dtmin +71%) during sequential perfusion after 30 min of ischaemia in Heart I. It is concluded that the effects of cardiodepressant mediators released after myocardial ischaemia are counteracted by a time-dependent release of catecholamines. Endogenous cardiac adenosine, in turn, attenuates the modulatory effects of catecholamines.
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