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Wuweizisu C from Schisandra chinensis decreases membrane potential in C6 glioma cells

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Aim: To study the effects of dibenzocyclooctadiene lignans isolated from Schisandra chinensis, such as wuweizisu C, gomisin N, gomisin A, and schisandrin, on the membrane potential in C6 glioma cells. Methods: The membrane potential was estimated by measuring the fluorescence change in DiBAC-loaded glioma cells. Results: Wuweizisu C decreased the membrane potential in a concentration-dependent manner. Gomisin N and gomisin A, however, showed differential modulation and no change was induced by schisandrin or dimethyl-4,4′-dimethoxy-5,6,5′,6′-dimethylene dioxybipheny 1-2,2′-dicarboxylate, a synthetic drug derived from dibenzocyclooctadiene lignans. We found no involvement of Gi/o proteins, phospholipase C, and extracellular Na+ on the wuweizisu C-induced decrease of the membrane potential. Wuweizisu C by itself did not change the intracellular Ca2+ [Ca2+]i concentration, but decreased the ATP-indu-ced Ca2+ increase in C6 glioma cells. The 4 lignans at all concentrations used in this study did not induce any effect on cell viability. Furthermore, we found a similar decrease of the membrane potential by wuweizisu C in PC 12 neuronal cells. Conclusion: Our results suggest that the decrease in the membrane potential and the modulation of [Ca2+]i concentration by wuweizisu C could be important action mechanisms of wuweizisu C.
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Keywords: Schisandra chinensis; dimethyl-4,4′-dimethoxy-5,6,5′,6′-dimethylene dioxybiphenyl-2,2′-dicarboxylate; glioma; lignan; membrane potential; wuweizisu C

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Laboratory of Pharmacology, College of Pharmacy (BK21 project) and Longevity Life Science and Technology Institutes, Pusan National University, Busan 609-735, Republic of Korea 2: Department of Horticultural Bioscience Pusan National University, Miryang-si 627-706, Republic of Korea

Publication date: 2008-09-01

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