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In vitro and in vivo evaluation of a novel oral insulin formulation

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Aim: To develop a stable self-emulsifying formulation for oral delivery of insulin. Methods: Caco-2 cell line and diabetic beagles were used as in vitro and in vivo models to study the absorption mechanism and the hypoglycemic efficacy of the formulation. In addition, various physicochemical parameters of the formulation such as droplet size, insulin encapsulation efficiency and stability were evaluated. Results: This formulation enabled changes in barrier properties of Caco-2 monolayers, as referred by transepithelial electrical resistance (TEER) and apparent permeability coefficients (Papp) of the paracellular marker ranitidine (20-fold greater than control) but not transcellular marker propranolol, suggesting that the opening of tight junctions was involved. In diabetic beagle dogs, the bioavailability of this formulation was up to 15.2% at a dose of 2.5 IU/kg in comparison with the hypoglycemic effect of native insulin (0.5 IU/kg) delivered by subcutaneous injection. Conclusion: This formulation, recently approved by the China State Food and Drug Administration to enter clinical trials, was stable, degradation-protected and absorption-enhanced, and provided a promising formulation for oral insulin delivery.
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Keywords: Caco-2; diabetic beagles; insulin; oral delivery

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: State Key Laboratory of Bio-membrane and Biotechnology, Department of Biological Sciences and Biotechnology, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China

Publication date: 2006-10-01

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