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Translocation of classical PKC and cortical granule exocytosis of human oocyte in germinal vesicle and metaphase II stage

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Aim: Protein kinase C (PKC) is as a family of serine/threonine kinases that can be activated by Ca2+, phospholipid and diacylglycerol. PKC plays an important role in oocyte maturation and activation. This study was undertaken to investigate classical PKC (cPKC) in human oocyte maturation and activation. Methods: Germinal vesicle (GV) and metaphase II (MII) stage oocytes were collected from healthy women. The expression and distribution of cPKC were investigated by immunoflourescence. MII oocytes were treated with PKC activator or inhibitor and imaged using a laser confocal scanning microscope (LCSM). Results: In GV oocytes, PKC α, 1 and  were localized to the germinal vesicles, with a weak expression in ooplasm. In MII oocytes, PKCα, 1 and  were distributed evenly in ooplasm. After treatment with PKC activator, phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA), cPKC translocated to the periphery of oocyte, and cortical granules (CG) exocytosis was found. When the oocytes were treated with PKC inhibitor, staurosporine, no translocation of cPKC and CG exocytosis were found. Conclusion: PKCα, 1 and  exist in human oocytes and activation of these sub-units could induce CG exocytosis in MII stage.

Keywords: cortical granule; human; oocyte; protein kinase C

Document Type: Research Article


Affiliations: 1: Reproduction and Genetic Center, Peking University First Hospital, Beijing 100034, China 2: Institute of Urology, Peking University, Beijing 100034, China

Publication date: October 1, 2006


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