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Neuronal nicotinic acetylcholine receptors serve as sensitive targets that mediate -amyloid neurotoxicity

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Abstract

Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the most common form of brain dementia characterized by the accumulation of -amyloid peptides (A) and loss of forebrain cholinergic neurons. A accumulation and aggregation are thought to contribute to cholinergic neuronal degeneration, in turn causing learning and memory deficits, but the specific targets that mediate A neurotoxicity remain elusive. Recently, accumulating lines of evidence have demonstrated that A directly modulates the function of neuronal nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs), which leads to the new hypothesis that neuronal nAChRs may serve as important targets that mediate A neurotoxicity. In this review, we summarize current studies performed in our laboratory and in others to address the question of how A modulates neuronal nAChRs, especially nAChR subunit function.
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Keywords: Alzheimer's disease; neurodegeneration; nicotinic acetylcholine receptor; -amyloid peptides

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Division of Neurology, Barrow Neurological Institute, St Joseph's Hospital and Medical Center, Phoenix, Arizona 85013, USA

Publication date: 2006-10-01

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