Deguelin regulates nuclear pore complex proteins Nup98 and Nup88 in U937 cells in vitro

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Abstract:

Abstract Aim:

To investigate the anticancer effects and the molecular mechanisms of deguelin on human U937 leukemia cells, and to explore the underlying mechanism regulating nucleoporin 98 (Nup98) and nucleoporin 88 (Nup88) in vitro. Methods:

The effects of deguelin on the growth of U937 cells were studied by MTT assay. The effect of deguelin on the cell cycle of U937 cells was studied by using apropidium iodide method. The localization of the nuclear pore complex proteins Nup98 and Nup88 was investigated by using immunofluorescence and immunoelectron microscopy. The expression of Nup98 and Nup88 in U937 cells was investigated by using flow cytometry and Western blot. Results:

The proliferation of U937 cells was inhibited in the deguelin-treated group, with a 24-h ICz50 value of 21.61 nmol/L and a 36-h IC50 value of 17.07 nmol/L. U937 cells treated with deguelin had reduced percentages of cells in the G0/G1 phase, whereas cells accumulated in the S and G2/M phases. Nup88 and Nup98 were found on both the nuclear and cytoplasmic sides of the U937 cells by using immunofluorescence and immunoelectron microscopy. The expression of Nup98 was upregulated and that of the Nup88 protein was downregulated in U937 cells treated with deguelin. Conclusion:

Deguelin is able to inhibit the proliferation of U937 cells by regulating the cell cycle such that cells are arrested at the S and G2/M phases, so that the proportion of cells in the G0/G1 phase decreases. The antitumor effects of deguelin are related to upregulating the expression of Nup98 and downregulating the expression of Nup88 protein in U937 cells.

Keywords: Nup88; Nup98; U937 cells; deguelin; nucleoporin

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1745-7254.2005.00192.x

Affiliations: 1: Department of Hematology, Union Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430022; 2: Department of Hematology, Tongji Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430030, China

Publication date: October 1, 2005

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