Comparative study on pharmacological effects of DM-phencynonate hydrochloride and its optical isomers

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Abstract:

Abstract Aim:

The 3-azabicyclo(3,3,1)nonanyl-9-α-yl-α -cyclopentyl-α -phenyl-α -glycolate (DM-phencynonate hydrochloride, DMCPG) is a demethylated metabolite of 3- methyl-3-azabicyclo(3,3,1)nonanyl-9-α-yl-α-cyclopentyl-α-phenyl-α-glycolate (phencynonate hydrochloride, CPG). (±)DMCPG had one chiral center and two enantiomers [R(-) and S(+)DMCPG]. Here we carried out a comparative study of the pharmacological profiles of these optical isomers. Methods:

Affinity and relative efficacy were tested using a radioligand-binding assay with muscarinic acetylcholine receptors from the rat cerebral cortex. Pharmacological activity was assessed in three individual experiments: (1) potentiating the effect of a subthreshold hypnotic dose of sodium pentobarbital; (2) inhibiting oxotremorineinduced salivation; and (3) inhibiting the contractile response to carbachol. Results:

In the competitive binding assay, R(−)DMCPG (K1=763.75 nmol/L) was 4- and 2-fold more potent than (±)DMCPG (K1=3186 nmol/L) and S(+)DMCPG (K1=1699 nmol/L) in inhibiting the binding of [3H]QNB. The R(−) and S (+) configurations showed positive cooperation (nH>1) with the muscarinic receptor, whereas (±)DMCPG had a negative cooperation (nH < 1) relationship with the muscarinic receptor in a radio-binding assay. Both the R(−) and S(+) configurations could potentiate the effect of sub-threshold hypnotic dose of sodium pentobarbital in a dose-dependent manner (the ED50 values were 2.53 and 18.65 mg/kg, respectively), but (±)DMCPG did not display significant central depressant effects at doses from 10 to 29.15 mg/kg (P>0.05). (±)DMCPG and its optical isomers suppressed the guinea pig ileum contractile response to carbachol. The IC50 values were 7.78×10−9, 1.88×10−7, and 1.03×10−7 nmol/L, respectively. In the anti-salivation study, (±)DMCPG and its enantiomers depressed oxotremorine- induced salivation in a dose-dependent manner, and the order of potency was R(-)DMCPG (ED50=0.44 mg/kg)>(±)DMCPG (ED50=2.88 mg/kg)>S(+)DMCPG (ED50=5.05 mg/kg). Conclusion:

(±)DMCPG and its optical isomers have differences in their pharmacological potencies as anticholinergic agents, and the R(−) configuration is more active than the S(+) configuration.

Keywords: muscarinic acetylcholinic receptors; optical isomers; pharmacological profiles; radioligand binding assay

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1745-7254.2005.00183.x

Affiliations: Beijing Institute of Pharmacology and Toxicology, Beijing 100850, China

Publication date: October 1, 2005

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