Strategies for introducing evidence-based practice and changing clinician behaviour: A manager's toolbox
Authors: McCluskey, Annie; Cusick, Anne
Source: Australian Occupational Therapy Journal, Volume 49, Number 2, June 2002 , pp. 63-70(8)
Abstract:Significant behaviour change is required if occupational therapy practice in Australia is to become more evidence-based. Occupational therapy managers, both clinical and academic, are well positioned to be key players in this process. Indeed, it is suggested that managers need to drive the change process. The aim of this paper is to help occupational therapy managers better understand and prepare for the change process, and the shift to evidence-based practice. Two models of change are presented and applied to evidence-based practice: (i) the stages of readiness for change; and (ii) individual responses to change, according to how quickly a person alters their behaviour and practice when confronted with change. Practical strategies are suggested for managers to use during the change process, including a review of the attitudes and values of staff, identifying barriers to implementation, strategic planning, and the use of SWOT analysis (strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats). Recommendations for further research are also discussed. Unfortunately, there are no quick-fix strategies or `magic bullets'. Evidence-based practice requires a change in attitudes and values, a major change in work behaviours, and a commitment to lifelong, self-directed learning.
Document Type: Research article
Publication date: 2002-06-01