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Characterizing mouse male germ cell-specific actin capping protein α3 (CPα3): dynamic patterns of expression in testicular and epididymal sperm

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Aim: To characterize mouse capping protein α3 (CPα3) during spermatogenesis and sperm maturation. Methods: We produced rat anti-CPα3 antiserum and examined the expression of CPα3 in various mouse tissues using Western blot analysis and the localization of CPα3 in testicular and epididymal sperm using immunohistochemical analyses. We also examined how the localization of CPα3 and -actin (ACTB) in sperm changed after the acrosomal reaction by performing immunohistochemical analyses using anti-CPα3 antiserum and anti-actin antibody. Results: Western blot analysis using specific antiserum revealed that CPα3 was expressed specifically in testes. Interestingly, the molecular weight of CPα3 changed during sperm maturation in the epididymis. Furthermore, the subcellular localization of CPα3 in sperm changed dynamically from the flagellum to the post-acrosomal region of the head during epididymal maturation. The distribution of ACTB was in the post-acrosomal region of the head and the flagellum. After inducing the acrosomal reaction, the CPα3 and ACTB localization was virtually identical to the localization before the acrosomal reaction. Conclusion: CPα3 might play an important role in sperm morphogenesis and/or sperm function.

Keywords: acrosome; male germ cell-specific; spermatogenesis; testis

Document Type: Original Article


Affiliations: 1: TANAKA Project, Center for Advanced Science and Innovation, Osaka University, 3-1 Yamadaoka, Osaka 565-0871, Japan 2: Department of Urology, Osaka University Graduate School of Medicine, Osaka 565-0871, Japan

Publication date: September 1, 2008


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