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Inhibition of mouse acrosome reaction and sperm-zona pellucida binding by anti-human sperm membrane protein 1 antibody

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Aim: To investigate the possible functions of human sperm membrane protein (hSMP-1) in the process of fertilization. Methods: A 576-bp cDNA fragment of HSD-1 gene coding for the extracellular domain of hSMP-1 was cloned and expressed. The localization of this protein on human and mouse sperm was determined by indirect immunofluorescent staining by using anti-recombinant hSMP-1 (anti-rhSMP-1) antibodies. Sperm acrosome reaction and sperm-zona pellucida (ZP) binding assay were carried out in 10-week-old BALB/c mice. Results: Recombinant hSMP-1 was successfully cloned and expressed. The expression of the native protein was limited on the acrosome of human and mouse sperm. Treatment of anti-rhSMP-1 antibodies significantly decreased the average number of sperms bound to each egg. Meanwhile, the percentage of acrosome reaction was decreased in comparison to pre-immune control after treatment with anti-rhSMP-1 (P < 0.05). Conclusion: The results suggest that anti-rhSMP-1 antibody inhibited mouse acrosome reaction and sperm-ZP binding.

Edited by De-Yi Liu

Keywords: SPAG8 protein; acrosome reaction; fertilization; gene expression; human sperm membrane protein-1; sperm-oocyte interactions; zona pellucida

Document Type: Original Article


Publication date: January 1, 2007

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