Feeding by short-snouted weevils on seedlings of seven tree species planted beneath Norway spruce at differing stand densities

Authors: Löf; Welander

Source: Agricultural and Forest Entomology, Volume 11, Number 1, February 2009 , pp. 101-105(5)

Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell

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Abstract:

Abstract

1 Short-snouted weevils, including Strophosoma spp. and related species, may damage tree seedlings. We investigated the damage caused by these weevils feeding on seedlings of seven tree species planted in clear-cuts and under shelterwoods with three densities (control, dense, and sparse).

2 There were no pronounced differences in damage caused by short-snouted weevils in the various shelterwood densities. Most feeding occurred in the clear-cuts during the first year, whereas more seedlings were damaged in the shelterwoods of all densities in the second year. In the third year, virtually no feeding occurred in either the clear-cuts or shelterwoods. We cannot explain this pattern of damage, but a fallow period of 2 years seems to prevent short-snouted weevil damage.

3 We determined the general feeding preferences for short-snouted weevils to be cherry, lime > beech, oak, spruce > maple, ash. However, although Strophosoma mellanogrammum [Correction added after online publication 8 December 2008: Strophosoma melanogrammum corrected to Strophosoma mellanogrammum] was observed feeding on seedlings, no full short-snouted weevil inventory was conducted, so caution must be exercised when drawing conclusions from this study regarding weevil damage patterns and feeding preferences.

4 Short-snouted weevils can sometimes occur in large numbers and may destroy entire reforestation projects, but in our study their influence on seedling growth and survival was minor.

Keywords: Coleoptera: Curculionidae; feeding preferences; insect damage

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1461-9563.2008.00418.x

Publication date: February 1, 2009

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