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Models for spring migration of two aphid species Sitobion avenae (F.) and Rhopalosiphum padi (L.) infesting cereals in areas where they are entirely holocyclic

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1 Cereals can be attacked severely by the grain aphid, Sitobion avenae (F.), and the bird cherry-oat aphid, Rhopalosiphum padi (L.). The time of migration from winter hosts in spring is important regarding input to decision support systems concerning insecticide treatment of aphids.

2 The present study aimed to construct two separate migration models, which could be used immediately for advisors and farmers but also be part of a decision support system for the chemical control of aphids in winter wheat and spring barley.

3 Winter wheat (Triticum sativum Lam.) and spring barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) fields were monitored from 1991–2005 for the occurrence of grain aphids and bird cherry-oat aphids, and the data were used to construct migration models.

4 The models were constructed based on all 9 years data and subsequently validated by using all 9 years data, excluding 1 year at a time.

5 The migration model for the grain aphid producing the best forecast was obtained with migration date M (number of days from 1 June), degree-days (DD) of April (Ta) and DD of May (Tm), with the model being M= 265.0 − 10.2 loge(Ta) − 35.1 loge(Tm).

6 The migration model for the bird cherry-oat aphid producing the best forecast was obtained with migration date M (number of days from 15 May), DD of April (Ta) and DD from 1–15 May (Tm1), with the model being M= 294.4 − 34.7 loge(Ta) − 22.5 loge(Tm1).

7 The models only worked well in areas where the grain aphid and the bird cherry-oat aphid are entirely holocyclic.

Keywords: Cereal aphids; Rhopalosiphum padi; Sitobion avenae; models; spring migration

Document Type: Research Article


Publication date: May 1, 2006


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