Tree killing by Ips typographus (Coleoptera: Scolytidae) at stand edges with and without colonized felled spruce trees

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Abstract:

Abstract

1 To maintain biodiversity in managed spruce forests in Sweden more wind-felled trees must be retained. However, there is concern among forest owners that this may result in higher tree mortality caused by the spruce bark beetle, Ips typographus (L.) (Col. Scolytidae).

2 To simulate wind-felled trees, living spruce trees were cut at spruce stand edges bordering fresh clear-cuttings. Treatments comprised edges with zero, one or five cut trees colonized by I. typographus. Edges with naturally wind-felled trees colonized by I. typographus were also included in the analyses.

3 During the two following summers, the number of trees killed by I. typographus did not differ between edges with and without felled trees, or between edges with one or five felled trees.

4 Within edges with felled trees, there were more killed trees close to the felled trees than at other parts of the edges. Thus, felled trees provided focal points for attacks within edges.

5 It is concluded that small numbers of wind-felled trees colonized by I. typographus may be left near spruce stand edges without increasing the risk of beetle-induced tree mortality.

Keywords: Dead wood; Ips typographus; Norway spruce; Picea abies; spruce bark beetle; stand edge; tree killing; wind-felled

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1046/j.1461-9563.2003.00164.x

Affiliations: 1: Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Entomology, Box 7044, S-750 07 Uppsala, Sweden and 2: The Forestry Research Institute of Sweden, S-751 83, Uppsala, Sweden

Publication date: February 1, 2003

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