Effects of two types of semiochemical on population development of the bird cherry oat aphid Rhopalosiphum padi in a barley crop
1 Field experiments were performed in barley using volatile semiochemicals affecting population density (density-related substances – DRS) and spring migration (methyl salicylate) in bird cherry oat aphid Rhopalosiphum padi (L.). Natural infestations of aphids were used, and semiochemical dosages were chosen to be biologically relevant based on previous studies. A simple formulation method for active substances using wax pellets was developed.
2 The effect of treatments on aphid populations was analysed in terms of initial colonization of the crop, temporal dynamics of the population and maximum aphid incidence.
3 Treatments caused a significant delay in aphid establishment in the crop, and reduced the average infestation by 25–50% compared with the untreated control. At a moderate attack rate, the treatments with methyl salicylate and DRS gave a significant reduction in maximum aphid numbers.
4 The significant control effect of the treatment encourages further investigation both to increase understanding of the ecological role of the active substances, and to establish the limitations for their use in plant protection.
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: Department of Entomology, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Box 7044, SE-750 07, Uppsala, Sweden
Publication date: February 1, 2003