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Genetic differentiation of the green spruce aphid (Elatobium abietinum Walker), a recent invader to Iceland

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Abstract:

Abstract

1 The RAPD method (Random Amplified Polymorphic DNA) was used to investigate genetic diversity of the green spruce aphid, Elatobium abietinum Walker, a pest introduced recently to Iceland.

2 This aphid in Iceland comprised two polymorphic populations, one in the east and the other in the west of the country. The genetic variation between sites within a population was continuous and appeared to be in good agreement with geographical distances.

3 In the eastern population the variation was greater between sites than within sites, whereas in the western population the pattern of variation appeared to be the opposite. This overall greater genetic variation in the eastern population could be due to its having been colonized earlier than the western one.

4 The study also demonstrated a close relationship between the green spruce aphid in Iceland and aphids from Denmark, which agrees with their assumed origin. The differences in introduction time, adaptation and competitiveness between the two Icelandic populations are discussed.

Keywords: Aphid; Elatobium abietinum; RAPD; genetic differentiation; spruce

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1046/j.1461-9563.1999.00020.x

Affiliations: 1: Iceland Forest Research Station, Mógilsá, Mosfellsbær, IS-270, Iceland, and 2: Institute of Biology, University of Iceland, Grensásvegi 12, 108 Reykjavik, Iceland

Publication date: August 1, 1999

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