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Potential for biological control of native competing vegetation using native herbivores

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Abstract:

Summary

1 The use of native natural enemies to combat native pests has received proportionately less consideration than other viable approaches to biological control. Successful attempts at augmentation, conservation, preservation, and enhancement of the effectiveness of natural enemies have been limited.

2 However, this approach to biological control should be re-examined, placing emphasis on intentional manipulation of population dynamics to encourage the natural tendencies of populations to grow in the absence (or during the delay in resurgence) of certain regulating forces.

3 We discuss theoretical and empirical evidence that suggests native herbivorous insects have the potential to be manipulated successfully as biological control agents for native competing vegetation.

Keywords: Biological control; eruptive outbreaks; native competing vegetation; native enemies

Document Type: Miscellaneous

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1046/j.1461-9563.1999.00013.x

Affiliations: Department of Entomology, Washington State University, Pullman, WA 99164-6382, U.S.A.

Publication date: May 1, 1999

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