Skip to main content

Changes in women's use of illicit drugs following imprisonment

Buy Article:

$43.00 plus tax (Refund Policy)


To provide data on changes in illegal drug use in women following imprisonment. Design 

Prospective cohort study. Setting 

Recruitment took place in two prisons in the Midlands and South-East England and follow-up in 13 prisons across England. Participants 

A total of 505 women prisoners participated, a response rate of 82%. Measurements 

Questions about drug use were contained within a questionnaire which examined broad aspects of health. On entry into prison, women answered questions about daily drug use and injecting drug use prior to imprisonment. One month later the questionnaires examined drug use during this period of imprisonment. Findings 

Prior to imprisonment, 53% [95% confidence interval (CI): 49–58%] of women took at least one illegal drug daily and 38% (CI: 34–42%) said they had ever injected drugs. Following imprisonment, some women continued to use drugs; 14% (CI: 10–20%) of women reported using at least one illegal drug daily and 2% (CI: 0.7–5%) of women had injected drugs. There were important changes in the types of drugs used; there was a change in use from crack and heroin to benzodiazepines and opiate substitutes. Prior to imprisonment, women most commonly used crack and heroin, but in prison the two most commonly used illegal drugs were benzodiazepines and opiate substitutes. Conclusions 

The study provides quantitative evidence of the impact of imprisonment on drug use among women. It highlights the need for enhanced drug treatment services and stronger measures to reduce the availability of illegal drugs to women in prison.
No References
No Citations
No Supplementary Data
No Article Media
No Metrics

Keywords: Changes in drug use; policy; prospective cohort study; substance use; women prisoners

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 2009-02-01

  • Access Key
  • Free content
  • Partial Free content
  • New content
  • Open access content
  • Partial Open access content
  • Subscribed content
  • Partial Subscribed content
  • Free trial content
Cookie Policy
Cookie Policy
Ingenta Connect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more