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Syringe possession arrests are associated with receptive syringe sharing in two Mexico–US border cities

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To identify factors associated with receptive syringe sharing among injection drug users (IDUs) and elucidate the association between syringe possession arrests and syringe sharing. Design 

Cross-sectional study. Setting 

Mexican border cities of Tijuana, Baja California and Ciudad Juarez, Chihuahua. Participants 

IDUs in Tijuana (n = 222) and Ciudad Juarez (n = 206) were recruited using respondent-driven sampling (RDS). IDUs were ≥ 18 years and had injected illicit drugs in the past month. Measurements 

An interviewer-administered survey was used to collect quantitative data on socio-demographic, behavioral and contextual characteristics, including self-reported syringe sharing and arrests for syringe possession. Associations with receptive syringe sharing were investigated using logistic regression with RDS adjustment. Findings 

Overall, 48% of participants reported ever being arrested for carrying an unused/sterile syringe, even though syringe purchase and possession is legal in Mexico. Arrest for possessing unused/sterile syringes was associated independently with receptive syringe sharing [adjusted odds ratio (AOR) = 2.05; 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.26, 3.35], as was injecting in a shooting gallery (AOR = 3.60; 95% CI: 2.21, 5.87), injecting in the street (AOR = 2.05; 95% CI: 1.18, 3.54) and injecting methamphetamine (AOR = 2.77; 95% CI: 1.41, 5.47) or cocaine (AOR = 1.96; 95% CI: 1.15, 3.36). More than half of participants (57%) had been arrested for possessing a used syringe; in a second model, arrest for used syringe possession was also associated independently with receptive sharing (AOR = 2.87; 95% CI: 1.76, 4.69). Conclusions 

We documented high levels of syringe-related arrests in two Mexican–US border cities and an independent association between these arrests and risky injection practices. Public health collaborations with law enforcement to modify the risk environment in which drug use occurs are essential to facilitate safer injection practices.
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Keywords: Arrests; HIV; Mexico; injection drug use; needle sharing; police; shooting galleries

Document Type: Research Report

Affiliations: 1: School of Medicine, University of California San Diego, USA, 2: Patronado Pro-COMUSIDA, Mexico, 3: United States–Mexico Border Health Association, USA, 4: Centro Nacional para la Prevención y Control del VIH/SIDA (CENSIDA), Mexico, 5: Fenway Community Health, USA, 6: University of Southern California, USA and

Publication date: 01 January 2008

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