Skip to main content

The effect of brief interventions on alcohol consumption among heavy drinkers in a general hospital setting

Buy Article:

$43.00 plus tax (Refund Policy)

ABSTRACT Aims 

(i) To evaluate the effect of receiving one of two brief interventions in reducing alcohol consumption among general hospital patients compared with usual care. (ii) To assess whether a brief intervention of self-efficacy enhancement was superior to a self-help booklet in reducing alcohol consumption. Design 

A three-arm cluster randomized controlled trial. Setting 

Seven general medical, six general surgical, one dermatology and two otolaryngology wards of a large teaching hospital covering a large urban and rural area. Participants 

A total of 215 of 789 in-patients aged 18–75 years, who screened positive for alcohol consumption in excess of national recommended limits according to a 7-day retrospective drinking diary. Interventions 

Participants were allocated to receive one of three interventions: (i) face-to-face self-efficacy enhancement; (ii) a self-help booklet; or (iii) usual care. Measurements 

The primary outcome measure was change in reported alcohol consumption at 6-month follow-up as measured by a 7-day retrospective drinking diary. Secondary outcomes were change in: number of alcohol drinking days in last week; the maximum units of alcohol consumed on any one day in last week; and Drinking Refusal Self-efficacy Expectancy Questionnaire score. Findings 

Compared to the usual care group the self-efficacy enhancement group (−10.1 units 95% CI −16.1 to −4.1) and the self-help booklet group (−10.0 units 95% CI −16.0 to −3.9) had greater reductions in self-reported weekly alcohol consumption. There was no evidence that self-efficacy enhancement was superior to the self-help booklet (P = 0.96). Conclusions 

Brief interventions delivered in hospital offer simple means of helping heavy drinkers to reduce their alcohol consumption.
No References
No Citations
No Supplementary Data
No Article Media
No Metrics

Keywords: Alcohol; brief interventions; heavy drinking; hospital; self-efficacy; self-help booklet

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: School of Nursing, Midwifery and Community Health, Glasgow Caledonian University, Glasgow, UK, 2: School of Nursing, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, UK, 3: School of Social & Health Sciences, University of Abertay, Dundee, UK and 4: School of Computing and Mathematical Sciences, Glasgow Caledonian University, Glasgow, UK

Publication date: 01 November 2007

  • Access Key
  • Free content
  • Partial Free content
  • New content
  • Open access content
  • Partial Open access content
  • Subscribed content
  • Partial Subscribed content
  • Free trial content
Cookie Policy
X
Cookie Policy
Ingenta Connect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more