Desire for alcohol and outcome expectancies as measures of alcohol cue-reactivity in social drinkers
Authors: Schulze, Daniela; Jones, Barry T.
Source: Addiction, Volume 95, Number 7, July 2000 , pp. 1015-1020(6)
Abstract:Aims. To assess the responsiveness of questionnaire measures of desire to drink and alcohol outcome expectancies. Design. A subjective alcohol cue-reactivity paradigm (alcohol cue: sight, smell, taste) was used with a 2 X 2 between-subject design (n = 88), drink type (soft/alcoholic) and order of assessment (desire-expectancy/expectancy-desire). Covariance analysis controlled for quantity of recent alcohol consumption. Setting. A quiet alcohol research suite. Participants. Eighty-eight male and female social drinking students, recruited for a 'taste preference' survey. Measures. Three composite measures using questionnaire totals and subscales: of desire (DAQ), positive expectancy (AEQ) and negative expectancy (NAEQ). Timeline Follow-back procedure for recent consumption . Findings. Subjective cue-reactivity was found for the DAQ total score and the subscales 'strong intentions and desires' and 'negative reinforcement'. Expectancies did not demonstrate alcohol cue-reactivity. Conclusion. The DAQ and subscales are sensitive measures of alcohol cue-reactivity in social drinkers. Potential uses of the subjective cue-reactivity procedure with multi-factorial representations of cue reaction are identified.
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: Department of Psychology, University of Glasgow, Scotland, UK
Publication date: July 2000